"This settlement requires Cemex to use state-of-the-art technology to reduce harmful air pollution, improving public health in vulnerable communities across the South and Southeast," said Assistant Administrator Cynthia Giles of EPA's Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance.
EPA expects the International Civil Aviation Organization will adopt its environmental committee's agreement on international aircraft CO2 standards in March 2017. EPA anticipates moving forward on standards that would be at least as stringent as ICAO's standards.
The initiative will help drivers find alternative fuels and contribute to smart city development.
The National Program was developed jointly by the EPA and DOT, in coordination with CARB. It applies to passenger cars and light-duty trucks through model year 2025 and requires manufacturers to improve average fuel efficiency and reduce average greenhouse gas emissions over time.
The process enters the SCR system at a relatively low temperature, so a heat exchanger/burner combination was incorporated into the system. The heat exchanger greatly improves the overall energy efficiency of the system while maintaining the small footprint Chemtrade required.
In two settlements, Volkswagen will be require to pay $14.7 billion to settle allegations of cheating emissions tests. $10 billion will be used to buyback affected cars and the remainder will be spent on pollution mitigation and zero-emission vehicle technology.