Databases to Help in Understanding of Indoor Air Quality

You can look just about anywhere in the home for sources of indoor air pollution, from the bacon and eggs frying in the kitchen, to the woodburning stove in the family room, the newly painted hallway and even the carpet in the living room. To help estimate the seriousness of these and other indoor pollutant sources as well as to devise ways to reduce possible health impacts, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) announced on Feb. 15 the development of searchable databases of relevant product emission studies.

NIST researchers also have created a software tool called ContamLink that can transfer selected information from the databases into CONTAM, an indoor air quality modeling software program that predicts airflows and contaminant concentrations in multizone building systems. Together, the electronic databases, ContamLink and the CONTAM program -- should significantly accelerate understanding of indoor air pollution.

The new databases allow investigators to access immediately information that previously was available in scientific literature but required significant time to locate. The databases include emission rates for consumer products, cooking and combustion appliances (such as gas stoves), and data on contaminant transport mechanisms, including particle deposition, contaminant sorption and different ventilation-systems filters. Two of the five databases are from the EPA and the National Research Council of Canada. Researchers can download the databases, and with ContamLink, selectively obtain relevant information for inclusion in CONTAM or other indoor air quality models. Database entries are not intended to be all-inclusive, but rather representative of the literature. Researchers and other practitioners are encouraged to expand the databases with their own data using the data entry format provided.

The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) Healthy Homes Initiative supported NIST's development of the databases and software tool. Information on both are available at http://www.bfrl.nist.gov/IAQanalysis/software.

This article originally appeared in the 02/01/2007 issue of Environmental Protection.

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