Environmental Protection

GEI Performs Bull Trout Study, Design for Montana Fish Ladder

GEI Consultants, Inc., of Portland, Ore., has provided ecological engineering services for the construction of the first full-height fish passage ladder in the United States built specifically for the bull trout, a threatened species.

This $7 million precedent-setting ladder project, which is being constructed specifically to provide over-dam passage for bull trout, is located at the Thompson Falls Hydroelectric Plant in Thompson Falls, Mont.

The project was developed as a collaborative effort through an inter-agency, multi-disciplinary team composed of PPL Montana; the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks; Montana Department of Environmental Quality; the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission; the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes; GEI Consultants, and others. GEI performed fish behavior studies in the tailrace, helped to assess the feasibility of a range of alternatives and designed and is overseeing construction of the facility.

Structures such as dams and diversions can block the movements and reproduction of migratory fish species. Restoration of fish passage around such structures can be an important tool in recovery of an endangered fish species. The construction of the Thompson Falls Upstream Fish Passage project will allow migratory fish to swim upstream of a dam on the Clark Fork River in Thompson Falls for the first time in nearly 100 years. The bull trout, which has been identified as a threatened species by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service since 1998, was once common throughout the Pacific Northwest but is now found in small numbers in their native range including the Clark Fork River in western Montana. Because of their dependence on a high quality habitat, the existence of bull trout is seen as an indicator of stream health.

The new fish ladder facilities will allow bull trout to ascend 48 feet over the existing dam structure through 48 individual concrete step pools. The facilities will also have a fish lock, which is an elevator-like structure that can lift fish up to a sampling platform where biologists have the ability to physically track the success of the project and obtain valuable scientific data. The project will allow fish access to hundreds of miles of free-flowing rivers and spawning tributaries in the Clark Fork River. Data generated at the project will be used by the inter-agency team to enhance bull trout restoration efforts in the Clark Fork River basin.

Construction of the fish passage project began in July 2009 and is anticipated to be complete during the summer of 2010.

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