Study: United States Gets More Asian Air Pollution Than Previously Thought
Air pollution blows across the Pacific Ocean from Asia to North America far more regularly than was previously thought, according to a new University of California, Davis (UC Davis), study. The findings, announced July 19, are likely to affect attempts to clear hazy skies over much of the United States and to understand how growing Asian air pollution will influence global climate change, the researchers said.
"Occasional, large-scale Asian dust storms had led us to believe that this pollution traveled east in infrequent, discrete events," said UC Davis atmospheric scientist Steve Cliff. "As it turns out, Asian pollution, particularly in the Sierra-Cascade range and elsewhere in the American West, is the rule, not the exception."
That may make it hard to meet air-quality goals set by the federal Clean Air Act, Cliff said. "Assuming Asia continues to develop as predicted, with commensurate energy needs from combustion, we will continue to increase our 'background' haze in the United States," he said.
It also may change the prevailing notions of long-range aerosol transport, which are used by scientists trying to predict climate change using computer models, he said.
The lead author on the new study is Tony VanCuren, an atmospheric scientist at UC Davis and the California Air Resources Board. The co-authors are Cliff; Michael Jimenez-Cruz, a former UC Davis student and now a researcher at the Advanced Light Source at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; and Kevin Perry, a former UC Davis postdoctoral scholar, who is now an assistant professor of meteorology at the University of Utah.
The study appeared in a recent issue of the Journal of Geophysical Research (VOL. 110, D09S90, doi:10.1029/2004JD004973, 2005). Additional information on the article can be accessed at http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2005/2004JD004973.shtml. It was based on air samples collected and analyzed during the 2002 Intercontinental Transport and Chemical Transformation experiment (ITCT 2K2), sponsored by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
That experiment used innovative air-sampling machines developed by UC Davis' DELTA research group (for Detection and Evaluation of Long-Range Transport of Aerosols). The new samplers allow researchers to collect airborne particles continuously and to analyze them in short time steps and over multiple size ranges. That made it possible to do the new analysis, which resolves relationships between pollutants and weather in much greater detail.
This article originally appeared in the 07/01/2005 issue of Environmental Protection.